Chloroform (also known as trichloromethane and methyl trichloride) is often used as a non-polar solvent. It is also used an anesthetic, however it has a higher toxicity as well as being an environmental hazard. It is more commonly found in refrigerants in today's usage
The chemical formula for Chloroform is CHCl3 and has a molar mass of 119.38g/mol. It has a melting point of -63.5Â°C, a boiling point of 61.2Â°C, and a density of 1.48g/cm^3, liquid. It's solubility in water is 0.8g/100mL at 20Â°C making it insoluble in water. It's flash-point is specified as non-flammable. It is a common solvent since it's usually nonreactive and miscible with most organic liquids where it may be volatile. == Safety==
Editor's note: Please note this is only an overview
Between 400 and 500Â°C a mixture of chlorine and chloromethane and/or methane is heated. The reaction follows:
- CH4 + Cl2 â†’ CH3Cl + HCl
- CH3Cl + Cl2 â†’ CH2Cl2 + HCl
- CH2Cl + Cl2 â†’ CHCl3 + HCl
Continuing the reaction we would also create
- CHCl3 + Cl2 â†’ CCl4 + HCl
The reaction will contain all four types of chloromethanes and can be separated by distillation.
Wikipedia - Chloroform for it's completeness of information.